GENEVA — China has filed a World Trade Organization complaint challenging U.S. President Donald Trump's tariff hike on imported steel and aluminum, the trade body said Tuesday.
The tariff spat is one element of a wide-ranging trade dispute between Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping's government. Trump also has threatened to increase duties on $50 billion of Chinese goods in a separate conflict over technology policy.
China has requested 60 days of consultations with the United States on the steel and aluminum dispute, according to the WTO. If that fails, the next step could be for Beijing to request a ruling from a panel of trade experts.
Beijing says Trump's decision to impose additional duties of 25 percent on steel and 10 percent aluminum violate international trade rules.
Steel and aluminum are among Chinese industries in which supply exceeds demand. China's trading partners complain its mills are exporting their surplus at improperly low prices, threatening jobs in the United States and Europe.
The United States buys little Chinese steel and aluminum following earlier tariff hikes meant to offset what Washington says are improper subsidies to producers. But economists said Beijing responded in order to show it would defend itself.
China's government issued a $3 billion list of U.S. goods including pork, apples and steel pipes on March 23 that it said might be targeted for retaliation if Trump fails to negotiate a settlement to the dispute over steel and aluminum charges.
- Xi vs Trump: Who has the better hand in potential trade war?
- US, China hike tariffs as trade row intensifies
- China vows 'counter-measures' to US tariff hike
- US, China raise tariffs in new round of trade dispute
- John Kasich blasts Trump tariff policies, saying they hurt Ohio farmers
- US tariffs take effect, China warns of 'counterattack'
- China blasts new US tariff threat, warns it will retaliate
- More US corporate giants warn tariffs will mean price hikes
- Tough US tariffs on China could begin as early as Friday
- US allies to fight Trump's tariffs plan, warn of trade war
- Trump plans to go ahead with steel, aluminum tariffs on EU
- Protests worldwide against US idea of auto import tariffs
- US delays decision on tariffs for EU, prolonging uncertainty
- Aimed at China, Trump's tariffs are hitting closer to home
- China denies Xi comments aimed at settling US dispute
- China: Smaller trade surplus, OK. But tech concessions? No.
- China's president offers US possible trade concessions
- Republic Steel says it plans to restart this summer
- Trump seeks to ease fears of trade fight with China
- China vows to fight US 'at any cost' as trade spat worsens
- From hour to hour, stock market swings have been dizzying
- China-US tariff spat: Mostly losers, but some winners too
- China lists $50 billion of US goods it might hit with 25 percent tariff
- China raises tariffs on US pork, fruit in trade dispute
- China targets $3 billion of US goods in tariff spat
- Trump to punish China on trade as US companies fear backlash
- China's premier appeals to US to 'act rationally' over trade
- Analysis: Trump risks trade war to fulfill political pledge
- Republic Steel prepared to reopen in Lorain
- Lawmakers, business brace for rollout of Trump's tariff plan
- Cohn quits White House
- Contrary to Trump's opinion, 'usually, all sides lose in a trade war'
- Republicans want Trump to back off his tariff proposal
- Trump embracing potential for trade war
- Trump: "Trade wars are good, and easy to win"
- Trump tells steel, aluminum manufacturers he'll impose tariffs 'next week' (UPDATED)