BEIJING — Chinese Premier Li Keqiang appealed to Washington on Tuesday to “act rationally” and avoid disrupting trade over steel, technology and other disputes, promising that Beijing will “open even wider” to imports and investment.
“No one will emerge a winner from a trade war,” said Li, the No. 2 Chinese leader, at a news conference held during the meeting of China's ceremonial legislature.
Li made no mention of a possible Chinese response in the event U.S. President Donald Trump raises import barriers over trade complaints against Beijing, but other officials say President Xi Jinping's government is ready to act.
Trump's government already has raised import duties on Chinese-made washing machines and other goods to offset what it says are improper subsidies and is investigating whether Beijing pressures foreign companies to hand over technology, which might lead to trade penalties. That has prompted fears of Chinese retaliation.
“What we hope is for us to act rationally rather than being led by emotions,” said Li. “We don't want to see a trade war.”
Commerce Minister Zhong Shan said on March 11 that China will “resolutely defend” its interests. He gave no details but business groups say Beijing might target U.S. exports of jetliners, soybeans and other goods for which China is a major market.
Asked whether Beijing might use its large holdings of U.S. government debt as leverage, the premier said its investments are based on market principles and “China will remain a responsible long-term investor.”
Li promised more market-opening and other reforms as Xi's government tries to make its cooling, state-dominated economy more productive. He said Beijing will make it easier to start a business and will open more industries to foreign and private competition.
The ruling Communist Party promised in 2013 to give a bigger role to market forces and entrepreneurs who generate most of China's new jobs and wealth.
Reform advocates complain they are moving too slowly, but hope Xi, who took power in 2012, might accelerate changes after focusing during his first five-year term as party leader on cementing his status as China's most dominant figure since at least the 1980s.
“If there is one thing that will be different from the past, that will be that China will open even wider,” said Li.
Beijing plans to “further bring down overall tariffs,” with “zero tariffs for drugs, especially much-needed anti-cancer drugs,” the premier said.
Li repeated a promise he made March 5 at the opening of the legislature to “fully open the manufacturing sector” to foreign competitors.
“We will also fully open the manufacturing sector,” the premier said. “There will be no mandatory requirement for technology transfers and intellectual property rights will be better protected.”
The government has yet to say how that might change conditions for automakers and other manufacturers that are required to work through Chinese partners, which requires them to give technology to potential competitors.
In a sign of Li's reduced status as President Xi Jinping amasses power, the premier was flanked by eight newly promoted economic officials, in contrast to previous years when he appeared alone at the annual news conference.
They included Liu He, a Harvard-trained Xi adviser who was named a vice premier Monday and has told foreign businesspeople he will oversee economic reform. Neither Liu nor any of the other officials spoke at the event.
The premier traditionally is China's top economic official but Xi has stripped Li of his most prominent duties by appointing himself to lead ruling party bodies that oversee economic reform and finance policy.
- China targets $3 billion of US goods in tariff spat
- China economy czar heading for Washington tariff war talks
- China sets robust growth target to shore up cooling economy
- More US corporate giants warn tariffs will mean price hikes
- US, China hike tariffs as trade row intensifies
- China's premier appeals for free trade amid tariff battle
- China in struggle to curb reliance on US market, suppliers
- As trade battle rages, an Arkansas town waits and worries
- John Kasich blasts Trump tariff policies, saying they hurt Ohio farmers
- China vows retaliation for $200 billion US tariff threat
- China blasts new US tariff threat, warns it will retaliate
- Tough US tariffs on China could begin as early as Friday
- US allies to fight Trump's tariffs plan, warn of trade war
- China vows 'counter-measures' to US tariff hike
- Protests worldwide against US idea of auto import tariffs
- US delays decision on tariffs for EU, prolonging uncertainty
- Aimed at China, Trump's tariffs are hitting closer to home
- China denies Xi comments aimed at settling US dispute
- Xi vs Trump: Who has the better hand in potential trade war?
- China's president offers US possible trade concessions
- China files trade complaint against US over steel tariffs
- Trump plans to go ahead with steel, aluminum tariffs on EU
- Trump seeks to ease fears of trade fight with China
- China vows to fight US 'at any cost' as trade spat worsens
- China-US tariff spat: Mostly losers, but some winners too
- China lists $50 billion of US goods it might hit with 25 percent tariff
- China raises tariffs on US pork, fruit in trade dispute
- China pledges strong growth as Xi bids to rule indefinitely
- China's Xi unveils new leaders but no obvious successor
- Xi urges stronger Chinese stand against 'grim' challenges
- China trims 2017 growth target, warns against trade controls
- China's stock market dumps are cause for concern worldwide
- Chinese economy slows to six-year low for growth
- Hiring surge added 313K jobs in February, most in 18 months
- Analysis: Trump risks trade war to fulfill political pledge
- Does Cohn's exit mark end of Trump's Goldman era?
- Lawmakers, business brace for rollout of Trump's tariff plan
- Contrary to Trump's opinion, 'usually, all sides lose in a trade war'
- Cohn quits White House
- Republicans want Trump to back off his tariff proposal
- Trump embracing potential for trade war
- Trump: "Trade wars are good, and easy to win"
- Trump tells steel, aluminum manufacturers he'll impose tariffs 'next week' (UPDATED)